Which food products in Denmark have gone up most in price?

Food, fuel and electricity are among products most severely affected by inflation in Denmark. Which foods have gone up in price the most?

danish supermarket
Inflation has seen wide ranging price hikes in Denmark over the last few months, but some products are less affected than others. File photo: Asger Ladefoged/Ritzau Scanpix

The price of food products was this week reported to have increased by 7.7 percent during the last year.

That takes into account all products, with some therefore undergoing steeper increases than the average. Increases of over 15 percent were recorded for several products including milk, beef and pasta products.

Denmark’s consumer price index (CPI), rose 6.7 percent in April, compared to a year earlier, the highest rate since June 1984, according to Statistics Denmark.

The index is based on 23,000 prices from 1,600 stores and businesses across the country and gives an idea of how prices are trending.


Only a handful of product categories have not experienced an increase in prices, although rice is notable for so far having avoided the worst of the inflation.

The largest price increases have occurred across categories including pasta milk, butter, meats and vegetable fats.

The following list from Statistics Denmark, reported by Ritzau, shows some of the key products that have seen the steepest price increases.

  • Pasta products and couscous: 25.4 percent.
  • Margarine and other vegetable fats: 23.1 percent.
  • Milk: 21.4 percent.
  • Frozen fruit: 19 percent.
  • Beef and veal: 18.6 percent.
  • Pizza and pies: 18.2 percent.
  • Yogurt: 17.2 percent.
  • Flour and oats: 14.9 percent.
  • Baby food: 14.6 percent.
  • Lamb and goat meat: 14.5 percent.
  • Olive oil: 13.7 percent.
  • Breakfast products: 13.1 percent.
  • Jams, marmalades and honey: 12.2 percent.
  • Poultry: 11.7 percent.
  • Cheese: 11.7 percent.
  • Sugar products: 11.5 percent.
  • Coffee: 11 percent.
  • Cigarettes: 10.3 percent [Note this is a tax increase, ed.].
  • Fresh fruit: 9 percent.

Despite the far-reaching price increases, some product groups that have fallen in price over the past 12 months, according to Statistics Denmark data. They are listed below.

  • Butter: -11.9 percent.
  • Potato chips and similar: -8.2 percent.
  • Mineral water and spring water: -3.6 percent.
  • Liquor and liqueur: -3 percent.
  • Eggs: -2.4 percent.
  • Salt, spices and herbs: -2.2 percent.
  • Soft drinks: -1.3 percent.

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Boligstøtte: Who can claim Denmark’s national rent subsidy?

Residents of Denmark can in some cases apply for ‘boligstøtte’ (“housing support”), a reduction on their monthly rent.

Boligstøtte: Who can claim Denmark's national rent subsidy?

What is boligstøtte? 

Boligstøtte is a tax-free sum which people who live in rented housing can – in some cases – qualify for. It provides a subsidy to rent.

The subsidy is available to anyone who rents their home, provided the home meets certain criteria and the household income is under a certain level.

For example, your rental home must have its own kitchen (which would rule out student housing with shared kitchens, termed kollegier in Danish) and you must live permanently in the property.

Homeowners can also be entitled to apply for boligstøtte under certain circumstances. In such cases, the boligstøtte is a loan and not a subsidy, however.

The size of the subsidy – the amount of money you receive each month – depends on the overall income of the household (the total of the incomes of all wage earners at the address), the number of children and adults who live at the address, the amount of rent and the size of the house or apartment.

Boligstøtte is paid out on the first working day of each month.

How do I know if I’m entitled to boligstøtte?

Most people can apply for boligstøtte if they live in rented housing. There are a few living situations that can disqualify you, such as if you live with the owner of the property (including as a tenant) or if you own the property yourself and rent part of it.

You can, however, apply for the subsidy if you live in a property owned by your parents and pay rent to them (known as a forældrekøb – “parent purchase” – in Danish).

You can also apply for boligstøtte if you are sub-letting your house or flat, although the person sub-letting to you might have to change their address in order to avoid their income being taken into account in your application.

People who own their homes can receive bolistøtte (as a subsidy, not as a loan as detailed above) if they receive the state pension folkepension, or disability pension, førtidspension.

How and where do I apply?

You can submit an application via the website at this link. The application platform will ask you to submit a rental contract and other documentation for your claim to be processed.

If you’re applying after moving to a new address, you must have registered your change of address with the national personal registry prior to applying. This can be done here. If you apply within 30 days of moving, the subsidy will be effective from the date you moved in. Otherwise, it will count from the first day of the following month from when you submit your application.

The processing time for the application can be up to seven weeks. You’ll receive a confirmation of your application via your Digital Mail inbox, and you will also receive notification here once the application has been processed.

By how much can I reduce my rent?

This depends on the various factors on which your eligibility is calculated – for some, you will not qualify to receive any subsidy at all.

There are five criteria upon which your eligibility – and the amount you receive – is calculated. They are the income of the household; the savings or fortune of people in the household; number of children and adults living at the address; size of the home (in square metres) and amount of rent paid.

You will receive more money if you have more children. For example, people who live in rented homes and are not receiving the state pension can get up to 1,039 kroner per month if they have no children; up to 3,654 kroner per month if they have 1-3 children; and up to 4,568 kroner per month if they have 4 children or more.

The website has a tool on which you can estimate your boligstøtte here.