Denmark has the highest share by far of taxes related to income and wealth at 28.9 percent of GDP, states the report, released on Wednesday by Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union.
The overall tax rate in Denmark was the third highest in the EU, behind France and Belgium.
The tax-to-GDP ratio, meaning the sum of taxes and net social contributions as a percentage of Gross Domestic Product, stood at 40.3 percent in the EU as a whole in 2018, a slight increase compared with 2017 (40.2 percent).
The highest share of taxes and social contributions in percentage of GDP in 2018 were in France (48.4 percent), Belgium (47.2 percent) and Denmark (45.9 percent), followed by Sweden (44.4 percent) and Austria (42.8 percent).
At the opposite end of the scale, Ireland (23.0 percent) and Romania (27.1 percent) registered the lowest ratios.
However, Denmark saw the one of the biggest year-on-year decrease in tax-to-GDP ratio of all EU member states, from 46.8 percent in 2017 to 45.9 percent in 2018.
EU member states have diverse tax policies, the report notes. Taxes on production and imports make up the largest part of tax revenue in the EU (accounting for 13.6 percent of GDP in 2018), closely followed by net social contributions (13.3 percent) and taxes on income and wealth (13.2 percent).
Taxes on production and imports include things like value added tax (VAT or moms in Denmark), import duties, taxes on pollution and others.
Taxes on income and wealth include corporate and personal income taxes and current taxes on capital that are paid periodically.
- Danish government makes welfare, climate pledges in 2020 budget proposal
- What Denmark's new budget proposal means for foreign residents
‘Net social contributions’ refers to contributions made by households to social insurance schemes.
For taxes related to income and wealth, the highest share by far was registered in Denmark, at 28.9 percent of GDP, ahead of Sweden (18.6 percent), Belgium (16.8 percent) and Luxembourg (16.4 percent).
That people who pay tax in Denmark make relatively high contributions is unlikely to come as a surprise to those living in the country, nor is the fact that Denmark saw a decreased tax-to-GDP ratio in 2018.
OECD figures in 2017 found that Denmark earns more of its income from taxing its population than any other developed country.
Denmark’s high taxes remain closely related to the Scandinavian social welfare model.
Services provided by the Danish state include free university tuition, the state student grant known as SU, comprehensive public healthcare and generous unemployment and family benefits.