Denmark announces temporary border control

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Denmark announces temporary border control
The random checks at the German border began shortly after noon on Monday. Photo: Claus Fisker/Scanpix

Denmark began random ID checks at the Germany border on Monday in direct response to Sweden's new border controls.


Denmark will implement temporary controls at the German border, Prime Minister Lars Løkke Rasmussen announced at a press conference on Monday. 

The new controls took effect at 12pm and will initially last for ten days. After that time, the border controls can be extended by 20 days at a time as the situation warrants, the PM said.

Rasmussen made the announcement just 12 hours after Sweden began checking the identification of all arrivals from Denmark and the PM said that the move was "a reaction to a decision made in Sweden". 

"This is a major step and it should be seen in light of the serious migration and refugee crisis that Europe is facing. [It is] likely the biggest and most complicated crisis we have seen this century," Rasmussen said. 

See also: Sweden begins checks on all Denmark arrivals

The border controls at the German border will not be a "one to one" copy of Sweden's model in which private transport companies are tasked with checking the identification of all passengers. Instead, Danish police will carry out random checks on ferries and trains arriving from Germany. 

"Not everyone from Germany will be checked. The police will not ask everyone to show their passports," Rasmussen said. 

The PM said he informed German Chancellor Angela Merkel of his decision earlier on Monday. 

The German Foreign Ministry warned after Denmark and Sweden's moves that the passport-free Schengen zone was "in danger".
"Freedom of movement is an important principle -- one of the biggest achievements [in the European Union] in recent years," foreign ministry spokesman Martin Schaefer told reporters.
"Schengen is very important but it is in danger," he added when asked about Denmark's announcement.
In Germany's northernmost state of Schleswig-Holstein, Minister-President Torsten Albig said he "regretted" Denmark's decision. 

"This could negatively affect the good communal life in the German-Danish border region and especially be a burden on commuters."

But Albig saw a "ray of hope" in the fact that the controls were only random checks, not comprehensive border controls, and that the Danish government was not insisting that transport personnel carry them out.
Broadcaster DR reported shortly after the conclusion of Monday's press conference that four Danish police vehicles were in place at the border town of Padborg. 

Rasmussen said that Denmark wants to avoid the "chaos" and "serious disruptions" created by Sweden's border controls, which are expected to cause significant delays for the roughly 8,600 daily commuters between Copenhagen and the southern Swedish city of Malmö. 

The Danish PM characterized his decision as a direct result of policies put in place not only by Sweden but Norway and Finland as well, and said that other European countries were likely to follow suit.

"It's pretty obvious that if the European Union can’t protect its external borders, you will see more and more countries forced into introducing internal border controls," Rasmussen said, adding that Denmark's decision was "not a happy moment". 

The migrant crisis, which saw some one million people flooding into Europe in 2015, mostly via Greece and Italy, has sorely tested Europe's commitment to free movement, with several EU members temporarily reimposing border controls as they try to slow the influx.
Chancellor Merkel's spokesman, Steffen Seibert, noted that Germany, which took in around one million migrants in 2015, had in September also implemented such measures and acknowledged that the Schengen rules allowed such steps in extraordinary circumstances.
Up to 300 asylum seekers leave Germany each day for Denmark, according to Berlin, many of them headed for Sweden, which has received more migrants per capita than any other EU state.


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