Denmark said on Friday it would introduce a new, temporary type of residence permit for asylum seekers fleeing civil wars such as the Syrian conflict after a huge surge in the number of
"The majority of the refugees we see at the moment are not individually persecuted in their home country," Justice Minister Karen Haekkerup said in a statement.
Many of those applying came from "areas in Syria where there are indiscriminate attacks on civilians".
"We therefore need to look at how we can ensure these people can be sent home as soon as conditions improve in the home country," she said.
The new residence permits would be valid for a year, after which they could be extended for another two years.
However, they make up a miniscule proportion of the total number of refugees from the Syrian conflict, which surpassed three million in August, according to the UN.
Denmark's measures would have "dramatic consequences" for those fleeing the Islamic State's violence, said Johanne Schmidt-Nielsen, the de facto leader in parliament for the leftist Red-Green Alliance (Enhedslisten).
"Refugee families will be living in permanent fear of the police car coming and sending them back to Syria," she said in a statement.