Coronavirus cull pushes Danish mink farmers to pursue new careers

Reinventing himself as a brewer at age 62 would never have occurred to Poul Erik Vestergaard, but Denmark's controversial cull of the country's minks over Covid fears forced him to change course.

Many of Denmark's approx. 1,000 mink farms, once the largest exporter of mink fur globally, have ceased operations. Photo by Prazanthy Ramesh / Unsplash

Authorities ordered the slaughter of the Nordic country’s farmed mink population in November 2020 following the discovery of a mutated strain of the coronavirus.

After a two-year ban, Denmark will once again allow mink farming from January 2023. But for Vestergaard, his mink-raising days are over.

“The farm can be used for other things. That’s my view. It’s over now. It just has to go,” the veteran farmer tells AFP at a 100-hectare (247-acre) farm that will become a microbrewery.

Most of the some 1,000 farms in the Scandinavian country, once the world’s leading exporter of mink fur, have made the same choice, leaving “ghost farms” across the plains of western Denmark, where the husbandry was focused.

As he walks through the now empty buildings – facilities that must be kept intact until the state has assessed their exact value – the former farmer says he isn’t bitter.

In 1986, he bought his father’s farm — then dominated by dairy cows – and started breeding minks with 50 females until the business prospered with the help of his son, who joined him in 2006.

He had planned to gradually pass the torch.

That was until Denmark imposed a nationwide cull of the animals, over fears of a mutated coronavirus strain that was believed to jeopardise the effectiveness of vaccines.

It later emerged that the government lacked the legal mandate to demand the cull, causing a political scandal from which the country is still rearing from.

With no cases among his minks, Vestergaard was able to sell all his furs.

But faced with his business disappearing overnight, the Danish farmer found himself at a loss.

Martin, his son, returned to his job as an electrician, while exploring his passion for beer, brewing in his kitchen with a childhood friend, Thomas.

“They had this hobby, and they were close to taking it to the next level,” the former breeder explains.

“It’s going to be exciting: a new chapter,” he says.

They received grants totalling one million Danish kronor ($143,000) to convert their mink farm into a new business.

Brewing, baking and strawberries

Out of 200 applicants, about 60 entrepreneurs have received similar grants under a programme set up by the local government in Jutland in western Denmark.

Others are pursuing baking, farming strawberries or setting up farms dedicated to education.

“It’s actually a very popular scheme,” says Bent Mikkelsen, who is in charge of the plan set up by the Midtjylland region.

He estimates that today all the former farmers who have not retired are working again, describing them as a very “entrepreneurial group”.

Together with their partner Thomas Jeppesen, Poul Erik and Martin have bought nine mahogany barrels along with the equipment necessary to set up a microbrewery.

“In the spring, we will start up the brewery,” says Jeppesen, who works in IT.

“The plan is Martin and me will make the brew. After that, Poul Erik will bottle it and put labels around the bottles,” he explains.

To keep up with costs with the recent spike in electricity prices, they plan to install solar panels once they receive their compensation.

And for the time being, a return to mink farming is out of the question.

“I don’t believe that the government is going to let it grow up again,” Martin says.

Mink holdouts

A handful of enthusiasts, however, intend to resume breeding in the country, which was a world heavyweight, along with China, in a sector reviled by animal rights activists.

“Three-four farms are starting up again after January 1. All of them are in Jutland,” says Louise Simonsen, president of one of Denmark’s mink industry associations, Danske Mink.

One of the farmers has already bought about 2,000 minks, but it will be a slow and difficult start to rebuild, according to industry representatives.

“For the first one or two years, no cashflow is to be expected,” Simonsen says. “But it is a heartfelt work for them.”

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.


Danish agricultural sector softens stance on emissions tax 

After years of firm opposition to any carbon tax on agriculture, the Danish Agriculture & Food Council (Landbrug & Fødevarer) interest organisation is changing tact on a likely tax on CO2 emissions in the sector.

Danish agricultural sector softens stance on emissions tax 

The organisation is to shift strategy from strongly opposing the tax to participating “constructively within negotiations” on a green agricultural tax reform, newspaper Berlingske reports. 

Despite the organisation’s change in stance, its chairperson Søren Søndergaard said he still maintains that taxing agriculture based on CO2 emissions is not sensible climate politics.

“But there has now been an election and there are [ongoing] negotiations to form a government. We can see that the parties that are close to the negotiations all want a CO2 tax on agriculture,” he told Berlingske.

The Danish Agriculture & Food Council (DAFC) therefore wants a seat at the table when the rules –which it accepts are coming — are set.

It has proposed five principles for reform. According to Berlingske, the principles strongly resemble the organisation’s longstanding arguments against a CO2 tax.

READ ALSO: Denmark proposes uniform CO2 tax for most businesses

Among its principles, DAFC wants to retain the 2021 reduction targets at 5 million tonnes of CO2 per year by 2030. Politicians are considered likely to push for a more ambitious schedule.

Other items on the organisation’s wishlist are measures to protect competitiveness and relocation of jobs; and a promise that funds collected from a CO2 tax will be reinvested in the food industry. It also wants incentives for farmers and companies.

The Liberal (Venstre) party, which could be part of a future government, was previously against the CO2 tax but has also changed its position.

“You can argue against a tax but you will not win,” Liberal leader Jakob Ellemann-Jensen told Danish Agriculture & Food Council representative earlier this month.

“It will happen, because there is a majority behind it,” he said.