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What do foreign residents in Denmark need to know about switch from NemID to MitID?

Denmark will gradually transition between October 2021 and June 2022 from the NemID to MitID secure digital ID platform. Here’s what we know about the process.

What do foreign residents in Denmark need to know about switch from NemID to MitID?
NemID will be supplanted by MitID by June 2022, but will wok duing the transitional phase. Photo: Emil Helms/Ritzau Scanpix

What are NemID and MitID? 

NemID is the digital ID system used in Denmark to log in to services including online banking, secure email, and personal tax. Between October 2021 and June 2022, NemID is to be phased out and replaced by a new MitID system, which will not use a physical card displaying unique login codes, as was the case with NemID. 

The change was announced in March 2019, with the new system designed to be more flexible and secure against future technological threats. 

As many foreign residents in the country have already noticed, notifications have begun to appear on the NemID app asking for ID information to be updated in preparation for the changeover. Although this requires a Danish passport, which many don’t have, solutions for making the switch without a passport will be rolled out at a later stage.

The Local has previously received assurances from the Agency for Digitisation that those with foreign passports will not be locked out of the new system, and that NemID will continue to function throughout the transitional period.

READ ALSO: Can you shift from NemID to MitID without a Danish passport?

So what do foreign nationals who live in Denmark need to make the switch, and when will they need it? Will the new ID be smartphone reliant, or will you be able to use a card like with the current system?

The Agency for Digitisation provided us with the following information via email.

What is the minimum requirement for having MitID and is that any different from NemID?  Do you need, for example, a Danish residency permit, a Danish CPR number, or an address in Denmark? 

You don’t need to be a Danish citizen to obtain MitID. You can obtain MitID when:

  • You have a Danish residence permit or are studying in Denmark
  • You have valid identification

If you already have NemID, you don’t have to do anything right now. You will receive a letter from Agency for Digitisation with information on how to switch to the MitID system. We ask for your patience, since MitID is gradually implemented throughout 2021 and 2022.

Will it be possible to use MitID without a smartphone, and if so, how?  

MitID is first and foremost an app for smartphones and tablets. If you are unable to use the MitID app, there are two other alternatives:

MitID code display
The MitID code display is a small electronic device that generates a one-time code that you need to enter when using MitID. The MitID code display is so small that you can keep it on your keychain or in your pocket.

MitID audio code reader
The MitID audio code reader is intended for people with impaired vision. It has a large screen that displays a one-time code that you need to enter when using MitID. The MitID audio code reader will read the one-time password code out loud for you and display the code on the device’s screen. You are able to adjust language (English or Danish) and volume directly on the MitID audio code reader.

Why do we need digital security like NemID or MitID?

Denmark has a long history of utilizing electronic signatures in our digital services, in particular in the public sector. The first national digital signature was released in 2003. NemID then followed in 2010, which is the current eID scheme, but will soon be followed by MitID.

NemID is the core component in the Danish digital infrastructure and of high importance when it comes to access to digital self-service solutions.

NemID is based on a strong collaboration between the public and the banking sector, and it is the secure digital authentication for all public self-service solutions and a large amount of private sector self-service solutions.

NemID is an all-in-one solution and a prerequisite for secure digital authentication for all public online self-service solutions and a large amount of private sector self-service solutions.

What is the reason for the change to MitID?

Over the course of 2021 and 2022, MitID will replace NemID. This is because we need a digital ID that can live up to the security demands of the future. NemID is a good and secure solution today, but MitID offers an even more secure solution for the future.

What will MitID be able to do that NemID can’t do? How will MitID be more secure than NemID?

The introduction of MitID comes with security improvements that make it harder to misuse other people’s digital identities.

You will receive a notification via the MitID app, text message or e-mail, if the app is activated on a new device.  In addition, you can choose to be notified every time your personal MitID is being used.

When introducing MitID we are phasing out the NemID code card over time.  The code card can be copied and shared with others.

MitID satisfies the newest requirements regarding digital identity. This also means that some NemID-users must go through an identity verification process before getting MitID to comply with the increased security regulations.

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For members

WORKING IN DENMARK

Feriepenge: Denmark’s vacation pay rules explained

If you work for a company in Denmark, your yearly time off is likely to be provided for by the 'feriepenge' accrual system for paid annual leave.

If you work in Denmark, a good understanding of 'feriepenge' (holiday allowance) rules will help you plan time off in the summer and around the calendar.
If you work in Denmark, a good understanding of 'feriepenge' (holiday allowance) rules will help you plan time off in the summer and around the calendar. Photo by Felipe Correia on Unsplash

One of the perks of being a full-time employee in the country, Danish holiday usually adds up to five weeks of vacation annually. There are also nine days of public holidays, which everyone benefits from.

The Danish Holiday Act (Ferieloven) provides the basis for paid holiday through accrued feriepenge (‘vacation money’ or ‘vacation allowance’). This covers most salaried employees, although some people, such as independent consultants or freelancers, are not encompassed.

What is feriepenge?

‘Holiday money’ or feriepenge is a monthly contribution paid out of your salary into a special fund, depending on how much you earn.

You can claim back the money once per year, provided you actually take holiday from work. It is earned at the rate of 2.08 vacation days per month.

If you are employed in Denmark, you will be notified when the money can be paid out (this is in May under normal circumstances) and directed to the borger.dk website, from where you claim it back from national administrator Udbetaling Danmark.

Anyone who is an employee of a company registered in Denmark and who pays Danish taxes is likely to receive holiday pay, as this means you will be covered by the Danish Holiday Act (ferieloven). You are not an employee if, for example, you are self-employed, are a board member on the company for which you work or are unemployed.

How do I save up time off using feriepenge?

The law, which covers the five standard weeks or (normally 25 days) of paid vacation, states that you are entitled to take vacation during the vacation year period. You earn paid vacation throughout a calendar year at the rate of 2.08 days per month.

You earn vacation time in the period September 1st-August 31st. You can then use your vacation in the same year that you earn it and up to December 31st the subsequent year – in other words, over a 16-month period.

These rules also mean that holiday earned during a given month can be used from the very next month, in what is referred to as concurrent holiday (samtidighedsferie).

So when can I take time off using this accrued vacation?

The Danish vacation year is further broken down so that there is a “main holiday period” which starts on May 1st and ends on September 30th. During this time, you are entitled to take three weeks’ consecutive vacation out of your five weeks.

A lot of people take three weeks in a row while others break it up – which is why you often hear Danish people who work full time wishing each other a “good summer holiday” as if it’s the end of the school term.

Outside of the main holiday period, the remaining 10 days of vacation can be taken whenever you like. You can take up to five days together but may also use the days individually.

If your employer wants to decide when you should take any of your vacation days, they have to let you know at least three months in advance for main holiday, or one month in advance for remaining holiday (barring exceptional circumstances, such as an unforeseen change to the company’s operations or if the company closes for the summer shortly after you begin employment).

If you have not earned paid vacation, you still have the right to take unpaid holiday.

Public Holidays

In addition to the vacation days, there are also public holidays. These are bunched up mostly in the early part of the year and around Christmas. However, the period between June and Christmas includes the above-mentioned main annual leave, so there’s not usually long to wait until you can take time off.

Denmark has public holidays on:’

  • New Year’s Day  
  • Maundy Thursday
  • Good Friday
  • Easter Monday  
  • Great Prayer Day (Store Bededag)
  • Ascension Day
  • Whit Monday
  • Christmas Day
  • Boxing Day

In addition to the usual public holidays, companies can choose to give extra time off, for example on Christmas Eve or New Year’s Eve. There are also differences regarding Labour Day and Constitution Day, depending on where you work, what kind of work you do, or the collective bargaining agreement under which you are employed.

Sometimes you can get a whole day off for these extra holidays, sometimes just a half day. Check with your employer for details.

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