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TAXES

Can you shift from NemID to MitID without a Danish passport?

Last week people in Denmark began getting notifications on their NemID app asking them to update their details using one of the new Danish chip passports. The Local has received assurances from the Agency for Digitisation that those with foreign passports will not be locked out of the new system.

Can you shift from NemID to MitID without a Danish passport?
NemID already works as a secure app. Photo: Niels Christian Vilmann/Ritzau Scanpix

What are NemID and MitID? 

NemID IS the digital ID system used in Denmark to log in to services including online banking, secure email, and personal tax. Between October 2021 and June 2022, NemID is to be phased out and replaced by a new MitID system, which will not use a physical card displaying unique login codes, as was the case with NemID. 

The change was announced in March 2019, with the new system designed to be more flexible and secure against future technological threats. 

Why are foreigners in Denmark alarmed? 

Last week people in Denmark began receiving notifications on the NemID app like this: 

Foreigners who tried to update their information soon discovered that to do so they would need to have both a Danish passport issued after the start of 2012, and a phone capable of reading NFC chips. 

This left some fearing that they would be excluded from the new system and unable to access crucial online services, or at least exposed to a period in limbo while the operators of the system got around to transferring those without Danish passports. 

So, will people living in Denmark with foreign passports be able to change over from the NemID to MitID system? 

Absolutely.

In an email sent to The Local, Denmark’s Agency for Digitisation, which is handling the shift to the new MitID system, said that the new system will be available for everyone in Denmark. 

“There is no need for concern regarding MitID replacing NemID,” the agency said. “MitID will be launched later this year and will eventually replace NemID. It will be possible for everyone that needs a MitID to get one – just as it is with NemID today. The transition period between NemID and MitID is planned to end mid-2022. NemID will be fully functional during the transition period. You will receive more information on what you need to do to transition to MitID later this year.” 

In the email, the agency said that those who needed to resubmit their ID would receive a letter in the e-Boks digital postbox. 

“If you need to resubmit your ID to get MitID, you will receive a letter by digital post from us. If you are not able to resubmit your ID via the app, you can disregard the request and continue to use your NemID and your NemID app in the same way you always have. You will receive more information on what you need to do to transition to MitID later this year.” 

So what’s with the notifications then? 

The notifications are part of the very first phase of the transition, which will involve those who have recent Danish passports which contain chips capable of being read by phones with NFC readers, as they can transfer over to the new system virtually. 

“I know it’s caused some confusion because the notification pops up in the NemID app,” Ringgaard Price said. “What we’re trying to communicate and what gets lost sometimes is that you don’t have to do anything until you receive a digital letter in your e-Boks.” 

“It can be a little confusing and annoying that this notification pops up, but you can still swipe it away and do everything you need to do with your NemID.”

In the email, the agency said it realised that those with foreign passports would not be able to update using NFC readers. 

“In terms of foreign passports, we are fully aware that not everyone that wants to use the functionality in the NemID app are able to, due to the passport requirements.” 

How will those without a recent Danish passport transfer to MitID?

According to the Frequently Asked Questions section on the MitID website, foreigners living in Denmark will be able to make the transition digitally, so long as they have an existing NemID account and a CPR number.

The web page where people can do this is already available here, but the migration system is not yet up and running. 

“We are working on other solutions that will become available in 2022,” the agency said in an email. “Should it not be possible for you to use the MitID app, you might ultimately have to go to the citizen service center to get MitID, but more information on that will follow at a later stage.” 

Is the transition to MitID still on track? 

The transition to MitID was supposed to start in August but has now been officially delayed until October. According to Ringgaard Price, the June 2022 deadline for completing the process remains in place. 

Member comments

  1. A very helpful article. This article alone is worth the monthly subscription. Thanks The Local team.

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For members

WORKING IN DENMARK

Can foreigners lose their Danish work permits if they take part in strikes?

Membership of a trade union in Denmark can occasionally result in your union requiring you to take part in industrial action by going on strike. But can that put foreign workers at risk of losing their work permits?

Can foreigners lose their Danish work permits if they take part in strikes?

Around two-thirds of people in employment in Denmark are members of a trade union.

Union membership forms a core part of Denmark’s “Danish model” by which the labour market regulates itself through collective bargaining agreements between the trade unions and employer organisations.

These agreements form the basis of salaries – rather than laws – and also ensure standards for working hours and vacation time under the agreements made in various labour market sectors.

As such, it’s common to be a union member in Denmark and foreign nationals working in the country are also likely to find it in their interests to join a union.

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One aspect of union membership is that members may be required to participate in industrial action, such as strikes, blockades, or solidarity actions.

For example, the 2021 Danish nurses strike organised by the Danish Nurses’ Organisation (DSR), which represents 95 percent of nurses in Denmark.

“The nurses’ strike is an example of the results of unsuccessful negotiations on the renewal of their collective agreement,” Peter Waldorff, international consultant at FH, Denmark’s largest trade union confederation, told The Local.

In this case, he continued, DSR called the strike and decided which members would be required to withdraw from work to join the strike. As the strike continued from June to August 2021 (one of the longest strikes in recent Danish history), an increasing number of union members were called to strike until the dispute was resolved. 

In such a situation, it is conceivable that some of the workers asked to take part in the strike would be foreign nationals from countries outside of the EU or EEA, who need a work permit to take employment in Denmark.

READ ALSO: How can you get a work permit in Denmark if you are not an EU national?

Foreign employees who are union members would participate in the strike just as Danish members would.

Although the employees involved in the strike would stop receiving their salaries they would instead receive conflict aid from the union, “meaning the person would not need to receive dagpenge or other social aid,” Stine Lund, senior legal consultant at the Danish Society of Engineers (IDA), a trade union for engineering, science, and IT professionals, told The Local

That is an important distinction for internationals working in Denmark because receiving social benefits can impact the ability to fulfil work permit criteria.

The employer would also be required to re-employ all employees once the conflict is resolved, Lund added. 

According to FH’s legal department, Waldorff said, participation in legally-called industrial action should not affect work permits. 

The Danish Agency for International Recruitment and Integration (SIRI) confirmed this to be the case.

“Third-country citizens will not have their residence permit revoked on the basis of employment, if they don’t work at their employer due to the reason that they participate in a legal labour dispute during their employment. EU/EEA citizens residing in Denmark will not lose their right to reside in Denmark on the basis of participating in a legal labour dispute,” SIRI said in a statement to The Local.

Although foreign workers can be asked to strike, the likelihood they will have to remains relatively low.

“In Denmark, strikes are relatively rare,” Waldorff said.

In the academic labour market, collective agreement conflicts almost never happen, according to Lund.

“We haven’t been in a situation where that measure has been taken for many, many years,” she said.

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