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HEALTH

‘It’s like walking a tightrope’: Life after lockdown in Denmark

It's been a big week for Denmark. It became the first country in Europe to start reopening schools and day care institutions after lockdown from the coronavirus. Emma Firth looks at the concerns and practicalities of Denmark’s first stage of reopening.

'It's like walking a tightrope': Life after lockdown in Denmark
Re-opening of Laessøesgade School in Aarhus on Wednesday, April 15, 2020: Mikkel Berg Pedersen / Ritzau Scanpix

On Wednesday, around half the country's primary schools, nurseries and kindergartens opened their doors to greet their children back. But it was not the same place the children had left just over a month ago.

As parents dropped off their children in a staggered approach, the first routine of the day was washing hands. This has to be repeated at least every two hours.

There could not be any hugs as friends were reunited and for those in nurseries, many of their usual toys were not there – to reduce the amount of twice daily cleaning. Outside play and learning in small groups is a key part of the day now, along with sitting at desks or tables at a two-metre distance.

Re-opening of Laessøesgade School in Aarhus on Wednesday, April 15, 2020: Mikkel Berg Pedersen/Ritzau Scanpix

It's an anxious time for everyone involved. I've spoken to teachers who although supportive of the reopening, are worried as to how they can meet all the requirements, on top of not getting sick. 

“Every time you look around, the kids are touching each other” one teacher told me. “How many times can you tell them off for that?”

The worry is that if children pick up and spread infection, whether that’s a common cold or the coronavirus, there’s a big knock-on effect.

Parents, teachers and pædagog (nursery workers) would have to take time off, either for themselves who have become unwell or to look after their own children, leaving institutions without enough staff to keep up with the new guidelines.

The government has however pledged extra funding for institutions to employ more staff to meet the extra work load.

A pupil washes their hands at the Korshoejskolen Public school in Randers, Denmark on April 15, 2020: AFP

So parents are adjusting to a new way of life for their children while others have decided to keep them at home.

Many day care institutions, mine included, have asked parents if they can do this because there is no longer a safe amount of space for the children, under new requirements.

Interestingly, 40-50% of parents told their institutions that they needed the space, with the rest opting to keep their children at home, according to the National Association of Local Authorities (Kommunernes Landsforening).

“I definitely think that there are parents that are both unsure and that will just wait and see with time,” says Jacob Bundsgaard, chairman of KL. “I am also pretty sure that more and more parents will see that it is actually a good and safe offer that is being given and who therefore choose to send their children to daycare.”

The vast majority of the 62 municipalities that answered the Kommunernes Landsforening questionnaire have been able to offer a daycare place to everyone who has wanted it.

However, the municipalities of Esbjerg, Hedensted, Gladsaxe and Copenhagen haven’t been able to. Parents in Copenhagen and Gladsaxe don’t have to pay while they’re not using day care facilities.

Plans are currently being put in place to try and creatively use other available space and playgrounds, even Tivoli in Copenhagen. 

Stengård School in Gladsaxe Municipality receives first pupils after reopening, Wednesday, April 15, 2020. Photo: Ólafur Steinar Gestsson / Ritzau Scanpix

Reopening after lockdown is not an easy task. But the government is confident that Denmark is ready, as the curve continues to flatten. 

346 people have died so far with the coronavirus in Denmark. The number of infected patients in hospital has been steadily declining since the beginning of April. There are currently 317 patients with the coronavirus in Denmark's hospitals.

These figures are better than the government had hoped for – so much so that they’ve announced for more professions to reopen next week.

This includes dentists, physiotherapists, hairdressers, beauticians, tattoo parlours, driving schools, research laboratories and courts. The opposition party wanted to extend that to even more, including high schools.

It’s both welcome and concerning news to many, as Denmark continues to step into the unknown. 

Driving instructors have expressed their concerns as to how they can keep at a safe distance from pupils when teaching. Others are also waiting to hear about the guidelines they need to adhere to, in order to reopen safely.

The hairdressers Zenz in Indre By Copenhagen canceling customers after lockdown was announced. March 18, 2020: Ida Guldbæk Arentsen/Ritzau Scanpix

As people start to re-enter life after lockdown, the big question is whether everyone keeps to the health authority instructions of “væsk hænder, nys i ærmet og hold afstand” – wash hands, sneeze into your sleeve and keep a distance. This is what Prime Minister Mette Frederisksen says is vital to the reopening working.

But a new study from Aarhus University shows a decline in the number of people following health authority guidelines. Michael Bang Petersen, one of the researchers behind the study says the decline started when the number of infections started to turn in Denmark.

Only time will tell how Denmark responds to the first phase of reopening after lockdown. The government has said it will take three to four weeks before we see the results. 

It's walking a tightrope, as Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen put it. And Denmark's nerve and world-renowned trust, is being tested.

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COVID-19

IN NUMBERS: Has the Omicron Covid-19 wave peaked in Denmark?

The number of new Covid-19 infections fell on Saturday for the second day in a row, following a three-day plateau at the start of last week. Has the omicron wave peaked?

IN NUMBERS: Has the Omicron Covid-19 wave peaked in Denmark?
Graffiti in the Copenhagen hippy enclave of Christiania complaining of Omicron's impact on Christmas. Photo: Philip Davali/Scanpix

How many cases, hospitalisations and deaths are there in Denmark? 

Denmark registered 12,588 new cases in the 24 hours leading up to 2pm on Saturday, down from the 18,261 registered on in the day leading up to Friday at 2pm, which was itself a decline from the record 28,283 cases recorded on Wednesday. 

The cases were identified by a total of 174,517 PCR tests, bringing the positive percentage to 7.21 percent, down from the sky high rates of close to 12 percent seen in the first few days of January. 

The number of cases over the past seven days is lower than the week before in almost every municipality in Denmark, with only Vallensbæk, Aarhus, Holseterbro, Skanderborg, Hjørring, Vordingborg,  Ringkøbing, Kolding, Assens, Horsens, Thisted, and Langeland reporting rises. 

Hospitalisations have also started to fall, with some 730 patients being treated for Covid-10 on Saturday, down from 755 on Friday. On Tuesday, 794 were being treated for Covid-19 in Danish hospitals, the highest number since the peak of the 2020-21 winter wave.

The only marker which has not yet started to fall is the number of deaths, which tends to trail infections and hospitalisations. 

In the 24 hours leading up to 2pm on Saturday, Denmark registered 28 deaths with Covid-19, the highest daily number recorded since 20 January 2021, when 29 people died with Covid-19 (although Denmark’s deadliest day was the 19 January 2021, when 39 people died). 

How does Denmark compare to other countries in Europe? 

Over the last seven days, Denmark has had the highest Covid-19 case rate of any country in Europe bar Ireland. The number of new infections in the country has climbed steadily since the start of December, apart from a brief fall over Christmas. 

So does this mean the omicron wave has peaked? 

Maybe, although experts are not sure. 

“Of course, you can hope for that, but I’m not sure that is the case,” said Christian Wejse, head of the Department for Infectious Diseases at Aarhus University Hospital. “I think it is too early to conclude that the epidemic has peaked.”

He said that patients with the Omicron variant were being discharged more rapidly on average than had been the case with those who had the more dangerous Delta variant. 

“Many admissions are relatively short-lived, thankfully. This is because many do not become that il, and are largely hospitalized because they are suffering with something else. And if they are stable and do not need oxygen, then they are quickly discharged again.” 

Denmark’s Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen said during a visit to an event held by the Social Liberal party that the latest numbers made her even more optimistic about the coming month. 

“We have lower infection numbers and the number of hospitalisations is also plateauing,” she said. “I think we’re going to get through this winter pretty well, even if it will be a difficult time for a lot of people, and we are beginning to see the spring ahead of us, so I’m actually very optimistic.” 

She said that she had been encouraged by the fact that Omicron was a “visibly less dangerous variant if it is not allowed to explode.” 

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