Danish municipality crosses government with ‘opt-out’ for citizenship handshake

A Danish municipality is to allow newly-nationalised Danes to opt out of shaking hands with members of the opposite sex at citizenship ceremonies.

Danish municipality crosses government with 'opt-out' for citizenship handshake
File photo: Niels Ahlmann Olesen/Ritzau Scanpix

The country’s immigration minister Matthias Tesfaye as well as his predecessor Inger Støjberg have both criticised the ‘work-around’ which officials in Hedensted plan to offer, newspaper Politiken reported.

The municipality of Hedensted will let new Danish citizens choose not to shake handshakes with the opposite sex – in complete compliance with a rules implemented during Støjberg’s time as Minister for Immigration and Integration.

Thelaw currently requires newly-nationalized Danes to shake hands with a representative from the local municipality at their citizenship ceremonies. It was introduced in January 2019.

But Hedensted has decided that new Danish citizens will not necessarily have to shake hands with representative of the opposite sex at its upcoming constitutional ceremonies. This is legally within the rules, Politiken writes.

“The Ministry can state that the practice chosen by Hedensted Municipality is in compliance with the current rules,” The Ministry of Immigration and Integration confirmed to Politiken.

Tesfaye, in written comments provided to the newspaper, made little effort to disguise his contempt for the accommodation.

“If you do not want to shake hands with someone of the opposite sex, then you have applied for citizenship in the wrong country,” he wrote.

The new-style citizenship ceremony was provided for by a law passed by the previous government and the Danish People's Party in 2018. It was seen by critics as targeting Muslims who, for religious reasons, do not shake hands with members of the opposite sex.

It was also linked to a significant increase in the cost of the citizen application process.

Tesfaye’s Social Democrats abstained from the 2018 vote which passed the handshake law, saying shaking hands is a natural gesture and does not require legislation.

The law provides for rules requiring that “one or more representatives of the municipal council must exchange a handshake with the applicant, without a glove and palm against palm.”

Hedensted has chosen to have both its male lord mayor as well as a female city council member at the ceremony.

Participants who, for religious or other reasons, do not want to shake hands with people of the opposite sex, can therefore choose between the two.

At least three other municipalities have similar plans, according to Politiken’s report.

READ ALSO: Danish mayors call for scrapping of citizenship handshake law

Despite the legality of the plan, Støjberg, who orginally proposed the mandatory handshake, called it “completely wrong” and added that “if I were the minister, I would certainly take action.”

“It may be within the letter of the law, but it is not within the spirit of the law,” she told Politiken.

Rasmus Stoklund, spokesperson for citizenship with the ruling Social Democrats, was also critical.

Stoklund said that municipalities would only succeed in helping people with “relatively fundamentalist attitudes” to gain citizenship.

“In my book, it is reasonably clear that this is not in the spirit of the law,” he told Politiken.

Left-wing party Red-Green Alliance’s spokesperson Peder Hvelplund said that freedom of choice over the handshake is “´”an excellent way to welcome new citizens” and a way to “avoid the slightly awkward situation that might otherwise arise”.

“I don't think it has anything to do with citizenship,” he also said to Politiken, when asked whether refusing to shake hands with a member of the opposite sex was a sign of good integration and readiness for Danish nationalisation.

READ ALSO: Danish mayor 'must shake own hand' after being granted citizenship

Member comments

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members


QUIZ: Can you pass the 2022 Danish citizenship test?

If you want to become a Danish citizen, you'll have to prove your knowledge of the country's culture, history, politics and more by passing a citizenship test. Can you pass our quiz version?

QUIZ: Can you pass the 2022 Danish citizenship test?

A condition of getting Danish citizenship is to demonstrate knowledge of Danish society, culture and history by passing a citizenship test (indfødsretsprøve).

In April 2021, the previous version of the citizenship test, which consisted of 40 multiple choice questions, was supplemented with five extra questions about “Danish values” such as equality, freedom of speech and the relation between legislation and religion. 

The pass mark is 36/45 and at least four of the five Danish values questions must be answered correctly. 

Children under 12, Swedish and Norwegian citizens, and people from the Danish minority in German region Schleswig-Holstein do not need to take the citizenship test.

READ ALSO: How do Denmark’s citizenship rules compare to Sweden and Norway?

While there are 45 questions (and they’re in Danish) in the real test, we’ve compiled 15 for you to have a go at answering. They are all based on the actual test from November 2022.

The pass mark on the real test is 36/45, with at least 4 of the 5 “values” questions (the last 5 questions in the test) correctly answered. In our version, the last 3 questions are taken from the Danish values section of the real test.

The 45 questions in the real citizenship test cover a broader range of topics and styles than those covered here, so please don’t take our quiz as any certain measure of your ability to pass the real thing.