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MUSEUM

101-year-old British submarine found off Denmark

A 101-year-old British submarine has been discovered in the Skagerrak sea north of Denmark, by researchers using a 3D scanner and an underwater robot.

101-year-old British submarine found off Denmark
The G8 disappeared after being ordered to return home in January 2018. Photo: Jutland Sea War Museum
The HMS G8 was declared missing on 14 January 1918, a week after it failed to return to its base on the River Tees on the planned date. 
 
Gert Normann Andersen, Director of the Jutland Sea War Museum, said in a press release that he was certain that his team had found the vessel, more than a century after its disappearance. 
 
“The wreck is draped in trawling nets, which makes it hard to see all the details, but I have no doubt that this is the G8,” he said. 
 
The wreck was found using a 3D multibeam scanner, which identified a submarine of the same length and breadth as the G8. An underwater submarine equipped with a camera then sent back images confirming the find.
 
The G8 embarked from the Tees on its final patrol on 27 December 1917, accompanying the submarine HMS G12 and the destroyer HMS Medea, en route to the Kattegat. 
 
The vessel was ordered to return on 3 January 1918, but did not arrive on 6 January as planned. 
 
From the images, Andersen said it seemed clear that the G8 had sunk as the result of an accident or malfunction rather than falling victim to German mines or torpedoes. 
 
“So many submarines went down with mines or torpedoes and you can easily see it, but this submarine you don't see anything, so I don't think there's been any explosions,” he told The Local. 
 
In its press release, the museum said there were signs that the crew had been attempting to bring the vessel to the surface when it sank. 
 
“The prow is pointing sharply upwards, which indicates that an attempt has been made to float the submarine to the surface after an accident of some kind,” the museum said. 
 
The submarine patrolled the seas from the north of Shetland all the way through the Skagerrak sea to the Kattegat between Denmark's Jutland peninsular and Sweden, looking for German submarines. 
 
There are no plans to salvage the vessel. 

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DENMARK

Museums, art galleries and zoos reopen in Denmark

Museums and zoos began reopening in Denmark on Thursday, as the country decided to accelerate its exit from lockdown and health officials said the spread of the new coronavirus was slowing.

Visitors come to the ARoS art gallery in Aarhus, which opened on Friday after two months' closure. Photo: Bo Amstrup/Ritzau Scanpix
The original plan for Denmark was to keep museums, zoos, theatres, cinemas and similar attractions closed until June 8.
   
But after a deal was struck in the country's parliament late Wednesday they were instead allowed to open immediately.
   
“It was pure cheer. Finally, we can get started,” Peter Kjargaard, director of the Natural History Museum of Denmark, told broadcaster DR.
   
Kjargaard added that he was excited to show off the museum's new dinosaur exhibit, even if it wouldn't be ready for another month.
   
But not all museums reopened their doors on Thursday. Some said they would start receiving customers over the weekend or next week.
   
Under the deal agreed in parliament, the Danish border remains temporarily closed, but starting next week the list of exceptions allowing travel to Denmark will be expanded to include permanent residents of all the Nordic
countries and Germany wanting to visit relatives, loved ones, or homes they own in Denmark.
 
   
High school students will also begin returning to classrooms shortly.
   
Also on Wednesday, the Danish health agency SSI, which operates under the health ministry and is responsible for the surveillance of infectious diseases, released a report indicating the spread of the disease seems to be slowing, even as the country had started opening up.
   
SSI said that as of May 18 the infection rate, or reproduction rate, was estimated at 0.6, compared to 0.7 on May 7.
   
A reproduction rate of 1.0 means that one person with COVID-19 infects on average just one other, while a rate of below 1.0 indicates that the spread is declining.
   
On April 15, the country started reopening pre-schools and resuming classes for the youngest primary school children — under strict social distancing and hygiene guidelines.
   
Danish middle schools followed suit this week.
   
Another report this week by SSI, however showed that only one percent of Danes carried antibodies for the virus, raising concerns that the country could be vulnerable to a new wave of the virus.
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