What you need to know about Denmark’s new government agreement

Denmark is to get a new prime minister after left-wing parties won an overall majority in the election and, on Tuesday night, reached agreement over a platform on which to support Mette Frederiksen as the new head of government.

What you need to know about Denmark’s new government agreement
Mette Frederiksen. Photo: Mads Claus Rasmussen / Ritzau Scanpix

It took almost three weeks for Social Democrat leader Frederiksen to conclude a deal with the three other parties on the left – the Social Liberals, Socialist People’s Party (SF) and Red Green Alliance. Not since 1988 has the post-election period of negotiation taken so long.

Issues separating the parties going into talks included refugees and immigration, climate, childcare, social welfare and education.

Here’s how they were able to reconcile their differences in the 18-page agreement – compromise was reached in some instances, while other issues will be tackled further down the line.


Annual cuts to education will be discontinued, with investment to be increased if funds are available.

The so-called reprioritization policy (omprioriteringsbidrag) introduced by the previous government required educational institutions to cut costs by two percent annually. That will be discontinued through a proposal included in the next budget, according to the agreement.

“On the condition that necessary funding can be applied, a new government will invest in education,” the four parties write in the agreement.

Cancelling the cuts will result in up to 50,000 more apprenticeships and internships becoming available via educational institutions, Ritzau reports.

Schoolchildren in Denmark will face fewer tests in future, with the so-called National Test, which comprises of ten tests in seven subjects spread from the second to eighth grades, to be scrapped by the new government.

SF had called for the test to go, saying it resulted in an overemphasis on test performance and grades in schools.

Refugees and asylum

Frederiksen stressed prior to the election that she would continue the “broad” approach of the previous government on refugees as well as immigration, including the so-called ‘paradigm shift’ which sees government policy seek to return refugees to their source countries once it is deemed safe to do so, rather than integrate them in Denmark.

“We are still focused on repatriation and temporary asylum. When you are a refugee and come to Denmark, you can be granted our protection. But when there’s peace, you must go home,” Frederiksen said following Tuesday night’s announcement of the agreement.

The other three parties had all called for a more lenient approach to refugees. That appears to be reflected in the agreement, which pledges to improve conditions for families of rejected asylum seekers, recommence accepting refugees under the UN’s quota system.

Controversial plans to accommodate foreign nationals slated for deportation on an uninhabited island have also been abandoned.

READ ALSO: New Danish government to scrap plans for 'deserted island' deportation facility


With thousands of parents across the country demonstrating over the issue earlier this year, childcare – specifically, the ratio of staff to children at daycare centres – became a key sticking point in any agreement.

SF has campaigned for ratios recommended by the Danish union for childcare workers, BUPL, to be made compulsory.

But SF leader Pia Olsen Dyhr said that a specific model for guaranteeing ratios was yet to be agreed. The party will now demand the ratios as a condition for voting for the new government’s first budget later this year.

Skilled foreign workers

One of the key demands of the Social Liberal party was to make it easier to import skilled foreign labour to Denmark.

A specific element of this was its calls for the reduction of a minimum salary requirement for non-EU citizens in Denmark, known in Danish as beløbsgrænsen. Under the provision, companies can hire employees who are nationals of non-EU countries, provided they are paid at least 427,000 kroner per year.

The Social Liberals want to reduce that amount to 325,000 kroner to enable companies to better fill vacant positions.

Social Liberal leader Morten Østergaard said in the early hours of Wednesday that the parties had agreed to smooth the path for skilled foreign workers, but no specifics are included in the agreement, Politiken reports.


The environment was one area on which all four parties largely agreed before talks started. 

As early as last week, they announced an ambitious target to reduce Denmark’s greenhouse gas emissions by 70 percent over the next 11 years.

“It is a political document, one of the first in the world, that really defines green ambitions,” Frederiksen said of the new government agreement.

“We will develop a climate plan, a binding law on climate and reduce greenhouse emissions by 70 per cent,” she added.

READ ALSO: Denmark must change way of life to achieve climate targets: Frederiksen

Newspaper Politiken said Frederiksen had managed to keep some room for manoeuvre in her agreement, with “all disagreements duly omitted”.

But it added that retirement, housing and defence were likely to emerge as potential disputes.

The new government is expected to be unveiled on Thursday.

READ ALSO: Frederiksen to become Denmark's youngest PM after left-wing parties reach deal

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Danish government criticised over post-election mink text announcement

The Ministry of Justice announced in a statement on Tuesday evening that SMS messages sent by Prime Minister Mette Frederiksen or her staff in relation to the decision to cull fur farm minks in November 2020 could not be recovered.

Denmark's government said on Tuesday it could not recover text messages requested by an official commission in relation to an ongoing inquiry. The timing, hours after local elections, was strongly criticised by opposition lawmakers.
Denmark's government said on Tuesday it could not recover text messages requested by an official commission in relation to an ongoing inquiry. The timing, hours after local elections, was strongly criticised by opposition lawmakers. Photo: Mads Claus Rasmussen/Ritzau Scanpix

As such, an official inquiry currently scrutinising the decision last year to cull millions of fur farm mink will not have insight into key government communication relating to the controversial decision.

The PM has faced questions over a policy to automatically delete texts after 30 days, a practice not universally applied across government ministries.

“It has only been possible for police technicians to recreate a limited amount of SMS messages from the devices of justice ministry heads of department,” justice minister Nick Hækkerup said in the statement.

READ ALSO: Why are Danish PM Frederiksen’s deleted mink texts causing controversy?

The timing of the announcement, less than 24 hours after local elections, drew immediate criticism from opposition parties.

The Ministry of Justice received the material needed for analysis of the devices on Friday last week, news wire Ritzau reports.

Justice spokesperson Morten Dahlin of the opposition Liberal party said it was “easy to assume” that the government held back the announcement to avoid a negative impact for the Social Democrats in local elections.

READ ALSO: How damaging is local election result for Danish PM Frederiksen?

“It’s foul play not to go public with this information when it was received, but instead choose to keep it back. And you can only speculate about whether this is because the information wasn’t allowed to come out before the municipal elections,” Dahlin said.

The Liberal representative stressed that his party has “no confidence” in the government’s response to the controversy over the mink texts.

Hækkerup rejected the suggestion by the Liberals that the government had deliberately withheld information until after the election.

“That is simply not true. The process was that we in the Ministry of Justice received the material in sealed envelopes on Friday. We agreed on Monday with the Mink Commission [official inquiry, ed.] that we should meet with the commission and its assistants which was to have the material and review it with their clients. So it’s a process that was agreed with the Mink Commission,” Hækkerup said.

The minister’s comment was in turn rejected by his opposition counterpart.

“The explanation that the information was stored in sealed envelopes, which were coincidentally not opened before the municipal elections, is ridiculous,” Dahlin said.