As a parent in Denmark, you're entitled to time off work to care for your child (parental leave or barselsorlov) during pregnancy and after birth.
Who is eligible for parental benefits?
EU provisions protect social security rights of EU citizens and nationals of non-EU countries legally residing in the EU. This means that you can have the same rights and obligations as Danish nationals with regard to social security.
Wage earners in Denmark qualify for parental leave provided that they are under employment on the first day of the leave, have worked for at least 160 hours during the four months prior to the start of the parental leave, and worked for at least forty hours during at least three of those four months.
People in full-time education and paid internships that are part of education programmes (praktik) also qualify for parental leave.
Information about your employment status and working hours is automatically registered by your employer with Udbetaling Danmark, the public authority responsible for payment of welfare.
How much time can I take?
Parental leave in Denmark is organised as follows:
- Pregnancy leave for the mother from four weeks prior to expected birth date.
- Maternity leave for mother for 14 weeks following birth.
- Leave for father or second parent for two weeks following birth or at any time during first 14 weeks subject to employer agreement.
- 32 weeks of paid parental leave which can be shared between the two parents, with an optional further 32 weeks unpaid.
How do we share the leave?
The leave can be held simultaneous or separately, or a combination of the two.
Before you go on parental leave, you must let your employer know so they can make the appropriate registrations with Udbetaling Danmark. You will then receive a message via your Digital Post advising you how to apply for parental leave payments. This must be done no later than eight weeks after the birth of your child.
To share the 32 weeks' paid parental leave, you will need to inform Udbetaling Danmark via the Borger.dk website. You can also extend or postpone parental leave by logging into ‘Min barsel' ('My parental leave') here.
What if my child was born outside Denmark?
If you move to Denmark after your child is born, you will be entitled to parental leave provided you are not receiving social security from the country you moved from. You must of course also fulfil the normal criteria.
What if one parent is entitled to Danish parental leave?
If you, but not the child's other parent, are entitled to Danish parental leave, you will be eligible for 16 of the 32 shared weeks. You are entitled to all 32 weeks if you live alone with the child, however, or if you can provide proof that the other parent is not receiving parental welfare from another country within that period.
How much money will I get?
Your parental leave benefits are based on a calculation of your normal average hourly wage and how many hours per week you are on leave. In 2018, the highest amount you can receive is 116 kroner per hour, or 4,300 kroner per week (prior to tax deduction).
How do I raise the subject with my employer?
People who have moved to Denmark from a country where lengthy parental leave is not the norm may feel nervous about broaching the topic, but you shouldn't. Parental leave is your legal right, so your employer cannot deny the request as long as it's made within the appropriate time frame.
This article aims to set out the basics of parental leave rules in Denmark. It is not exhaustive and you should contact Udbetaling Denmark, your employer or your a-kasse if you have questions regarding your specific situation.
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