Internal division over proposed curbs on Danish citizenship: report

Government proposals to tighten rules over citizenship have met with opposition within the Liberal party, the senior partner in Denmark’s coalition government, according to a report.

Internal division over proposed curbs on Danish citizenship: report
Parliament earlier this month. Photo: Mads Claus Rasmussen/Ritzau Scanpix

One element of the proposal, which would see “unemployment insurance payouts in principle serve to hinder the granting of Danish citizenship,” has been a particular cause of disagreement, newspaper Politiken reports according to sources.

The proposed curbs would encompass the unemployment insurance, dagpenge in Danish, for which membership is obtained by paying a monthly fee to a provider known in Denmark as an a-kasse.

MP Martin Geertsen told the newspaper that the party will seek to remove “thorns” from the proposal.

Geertsen said the Liberal party slogan was “’yes’ to those who can and will, ‘no’ to those who won’t”.

“And when you insure yourself against unemployment, which is what we are asking people to do, that effectively means you are saying ‘yes’ to Denmark. So I think the part about [that] which is contained in the proposed curbs is a concern,” he said.

“There are some thorny issues that are worse than others, particularly the issue of maternity or paternity leave. Namely the aspect that you can take maternity leave or paternity leave and be insured for that, but then are punished by seeing citizenship potentially be delayed due to the insurance payout,” he continued.

A number of Liberal MPs are reported by Politiken to have raised the issue at a recent meeting between the party’s lawmakers.

Jan E. Jørgensen, spokesperson for citizenship issues with the Liberal party, said his party was not the one pushing for unemployment insurance to be taken into account by the citizenship overhaul.

“It is no secret that it was important for the [libertarian, ed.] Liberal Alliance party to bring unemployment insurance into the equation,” Jørgensen told Politiken, but declined to state his own position on the maternity and paternity leave aspect.

A second element of the proposal is also reported to have caused disunity in Liberal ranks: the provision to permanently exclude an applicant from being granted Danish citizenship if they have committed “violence against children”.

The wording of that part of the proposal would mean a fight between two teenagers – for example a 17-year-old and an 18-year-old – could lead to citizenship exclusion for the 18-year-old, who would be legally defined as an adult.

Citizenship secretaries from the three government parties, parliamentary ally the Danish People’s Party, and the opposition Social Democrats, who also support citizenship curbs, are currently negotiating the final version of the bill with immigration minister Inger Støjberg.

Current rules on citizenship application already require applicants not to have received state welfare support (kontanthjælp in Danish) as part of requirements for ‘self-sufficiency’.

The proposed curbs would extend those requirements to also encompass the unemployment insurance, for which membership is obtained by paying a monthly fee to an a-kasse.

Currently, all a-kasse members become eligible for unemployment benefits after having paid the membership fee continuously for one year.

That rule itself could be changed to implement stricter requirements for foreigners, should a tax plan currently under parliamentary procedure be passed as expected.


For members


QUIZ: Can you pass the 2022 Danish citizenship test?

If you want to become a Danish citizen, you'll have to prove your knowledge of the country's culture, history, politics and more by passing a citizenship test. Can you pass our quiz version?

QUIZ: Can you pass the 2022 Danish citizenship test?

A condition of getting Danish citizenship is to demonstrate knowledge of Danish society, culture and history by passing a citizenship test (indfødsretsprøve).

In April 2021, the previous version of the citizenship test, which consisted of 40 multiple choice questions, was supplemented with five extra questions about “Danish values” such as equality, freedom of speech and the relation between legislation and religion. 

The pass mark is 36/45 and at least four of the five Danish values questions must be answered correctly. 

Children under 12, Swedish and Norwegian citizens, and people from the Danish minority in German region Schleswig-Holstein do not need to take the citizenship test.

READ ALSO: How do Denmark’s citizenship rules compare to Sweden and Norway?

While there are 45 questions (and they’re in Danish) in the real test, we’ve compiled 15 for you to have a go at answering. They are all based on the actual test from November 2022.

The pass mark on the real test is 36/45, with at least 4 of the 5 “values” questions (the last 5 questions in the test) correctly answered. In our version, the last 3 questions are taken from the Danish values section of the real test.

The 45 questions in the real citizenship test cover a broader range of topics and styles than those covered here, so please don’t take our quiz as any certain measure of your ability to pass the real thing.