Danish doctors come out against circumcision

The Danish Medical Association (Lægeforeningen) has recommended that no boys under the age of 18 be circumcised in Denmark.

Danish doctors come out against circumcision
Male circumcision is legal but rare in Denmark. Photo: Colourbox
The association released its recommendation on Friday, saying that circumcision should be “an informed, personal choice” that young men should make for themselves.
In a press release, the group said that when parents have their male children circumcised, it robs the boys of the ability to make decisions about their own bodies and their own cultural and religious beliefs. 
“To be circumcised should be an informed, personal choice. It is most consistent with the individual’s right to self-determination that parents not be allowed to make this decision but that it is left up to the individual when he has come of age,” Lise Møller, the chairwoman of the doctors’ association’s ethics board, said. 
Lægeforeningen said that male circumcision carries a risk of complications and should only be performed on children when there is a documented medical need. 
In making its recommendation, the doctors’ association stopped short of calling for a legal ban on male circumcision, which is legal but relatively rare in Denmark.
“We have discussed it thoroughly, also in our ethics committee. We came to the conclusion that it is difficult to predict the consequences of a ban – both for the involved boys, who could for example face bullying or unauthorized procedures with complications – and for the cultural and religious groups they belong to,” Møller said. 
The Danish Health and Medicines Authority (Sundhedsstyrelsen) estimates that somewhere between 1,000 and 2,000 circumcisions are performed in Denmark each year, primarily on Jewish and Muslim boys. 
The majority of those procedures occur outside of the public health system and are done in religious ceremonies in the child's home or at private clinics.
There are thought to be an unknown number of circumcisions carried out each year that are not reported. Last year it was revealed that the State Serum Institute (SSI) had kept a database of circumcisions for 19 months despite never receiving legal authority to do so from the Danish Data Protection Agency (Datatilsynet). 
That illegally-kept database was deleted in August 2015 but the Health Ministry announced on Monday that beginning in 2017 all circumcisions, regardless of where they take place, will need to be reported to Denmark's national patient registry (Landspatientregistret).
According to a major 2007 study by the World Health Organization, roughly 30 percent of the global male population is circumcised. Of those, roughly two thirds are practising Muslims, while 0.8 percent are Jews. 
Male circumcision regularly pops up as the subject of debate in Denmark and polls have shown that upwards of 87 percent of Danes have expressed support for banning the practise on boys under the age of 18. 
Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation (FGM), is illegal in Denmark.

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Impromptu baptisms help boost church numbers in Denmark

Looking to get baptised, but put off by the thought of tedious planning? With membership waning, Denmark's Lutheran Church is lowering the bar for hesitant prospective members by hosting drop-in christenings.

Impromptu baptisms help boost church numbers in Denmark
Photos: AFP, AFP video screenshot

The process is simple: You just walk into a church hosting a drop-in ceremony and all you need to bring is some form of identification.

After a brief chat with a minister you are ready to get christened. The ceremony lasts only a few minutes, and then it's time for refreshments offered by the church.

On a recent Friday, Ida Hauerberg Olesen went to a church in Hvidovre, a suburb of Copenhagen, with papers in hand.

The 27-year old woman, whose two children were not christened, decided she needed to take the plunge a few weeks earlier when her niece asked her to be her daughter's godmother — which would require her to be baptised herself.

She said that before that, she hadn't considered herself “church compatible”.

“I thought that religion was something boxy (narrow-minded) and boring but this pastor I had, he showed me other things,” she said without delving into theological details.

For Peter Skov-Jakobsen, the bishop of Copenhagen, “the sacrament is the beginning of the journey” in the Lutheran faith for the new faithfuls.

He sees no need to go through future members' knowledge of the Bible with a fine-tooth comb or to require exhaustive preparation.

Skov-Jakobsen explained that he sees a renewed interest in the Church through a need for spirituality in the contemporary era.

“We have reached an age where people are actually realising there is more to life than what science can tell us,” he told AFP in his bright office in the Danish capital's city centre.

Like its Nordic neighbours, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Denmark has seen a steady decline in membership in recent decades.

Churches in Sweden and Norway have also adopted the more casual christening ceremony to lower the threshold for the secularly minded northerners.

In keeping with the countries' progressive cultures, their respective churches have had traditions of early reform.

Denmark's state Church started blessing same-sex partnerships in 1997, eight years after their legal recognition, and marrying same-sex couples in 2012.

The Church also ordained its first female minister in 1948.

Since the premiere of the Danish Evangelical Lutheran Church's drop-in ceremonies in 2017, more than 600 people have been christened.

But this has done little to boost membership numbers and engagement with the Church, which relies on its members for financing through a tax levied on adult members of the congregation.

2.4 percent practitioners

While 75 percent of Denmark's population of 5.8 million are members, most are so out of tradition rather than faith.

Only 2.4 percent of the population attend church regularly, but 64 percent of Danes describe themselves as Christian, said Astrid Krabbe-Trolle, a lecturer in religious studies at the University of Copenhagen.

According to Krabbe-Trolle, the move toward less formal christenings can be seen as a way of showing the Church's openness.

“It is really saying, 'Ok, we are a Church for everybody, you can just come in and we have no expectations of you other than you getting baptised',” she said.

The motivations for the new converts are diverse, from parents looking to make amends for an “oversight” by christening their children, to teenagers wanting to be confirmed or sick people and urbanites looking for a sense of purpose.

At age 73, John Ib Knudsen had “been thinking about it for a long time” before making the decision.

“I saw it in the newspaper and thought it was time for a rebirth,” he said. After the ceremony he wanted to “surprise” his ninety-something mother, a fierce opponent of the Church, with his certificate.

Jakob Kleofas Christensen, the minister who christened Hauerberg Olesen, said the Church is not carelessly offering this without any preconditions but is responding to public thirst for tradition and rituals.

That spring day in Hvidovre, four pastors were mobilised and 36 people were christened, more than double what the parish had expected.

Bishop Peter Skov-Jakobsen also stressed that they were not trying to be opportunistic in response to people's need for spirituality.

“We try to be relevent in our society,” he said, smiling.”The Protestant church has always been a movement for free minds,” he added.

Recently a minister in the same diocese even offered to bless divorces.

“In a divorce there are many existential questions (so) it is logical to introduce a ritual,” he told local media.