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ARCHAEOLOGY

Monster figurehead returns home – after five centuries

A figurehead from a Danish ship that sank in the 1490s has made it home to Copenhagen after it was hauled from a Swedish sea bed last summer.

Monster figurehead returns home – after five centuries
Divers retrieve the figurehead from the sea off Ronneby. Photo: Ingemar Lundgren

Experts at the National Museum in the Danish capital will now begin work to restore the massive ornament to its former glory – a process that’s expected to take almost three years.

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Marcus Sandekjaer, the head of Blekinge Museum in Sweden, made the trip to Denmark with the figurehead, one of the world's oldest preserved wooden carvings of its kind.

“It felt like closing a circle: the figurehead returned to Copenhagen 521 years after it left the harbour there,” he told The Local.

The carving went on display at his museum after it was dragged up to the surface in August last year. 

The wooden face, which resembles a monster or a large grinning dog, had been lying on a seabed off the southern Swedish town of Ronneby for more than five centuries. It holds in its jaws a (wooden) human head. 

“A few of us have spent a lot of time with this really ugly figurehead,” said Sandekjaer said with a laugh. 

“We’re going to miss this guy.”

It is thought to have broken off from the Gribhunden ship, commissioned by King Hans, who ruled Denmark from 1481 to 1513. 


The monster. Photo: Blekinge Museum

The Gribhunden set sail from Copenhagen in 1495. A fire broke out when it was anchored off Ronneby, causing the vessel to explode and sink. 

It is not known if the fire was an accident or sabotage, or how many of the 150 people on board survived. 

Blekinge museum preserved the figurehead in a bath of sweet water for the past few months, designed to remove the salt it had absorbed from the sea. 

The Danish team will now begin a new three-step process to conserve the creepy figurehead, which weighs 300 kilograms and was discovered by divers in June.

“First they will try to find traces of paint. We still don’t know if it was painted or not,” said Sandekjaer. 

“Then it will be put in a chemical liquid for two years to stabilize the wood – otherwise the cell walls would collapse.”

“After that it will be freeze dried in a huge chamber for another six months.”

Sandekjaer believes the figurehead to be the only one of its kind remaining in the world from a 15th century ship.

The plan is for it to be returned to Blekinge and reunited with the rest of the ship once the conservation process is complete. 

The find has sparked interest worldwide as the Gribhunden was a contemporary of the Santa Maria, sailed by Christopher Columbus, and Vasco da Gama’s São Gabriel.

“The ship was constructed in continental Europe using oakwood from trees felled in north-eastern France in 1482-83,” said Sandekjaer. 

The wreck of King Hans' flagship still lies ten metres under the sea near Ronneby. Numerous artefacts have been discovered and brought to the surface since the ship was found by recreational divers in the 1970s. 

A new exhibition on the ship is set to open at Blekinge Museum on March 23rd.

ARCHAEOLOGY

Medieval Danish Queen’s cellar is one of 2019’s top ten archaeological finds

The discovery of a cellar in Roskilde believed to have belonged to medieval Danish Queen Margrete I is one of this year's ten most important archaeological finds.

Medieval Danish Queen's cellar is one of 2019’s top ten archaeological finds
Photo: Slots- og Kulturstyrelsen

Among other important Danish discoveries this year are an approximately 3,000-year-old sacrificial victim in Thy, a mysterious amber sun disc of amber near Viborg and a Bronze Age burial mound with a crematorium at Bellinge near Odense.

The list was published by the Ministry of Culture’s Agency for Culture and Palaces in a press release.

In Roskilde, medieval archaeologist Jesper Langkilde said he is proud that the cellar is on the annual list.

“It is not commonplace to find such well-preserved ruins from the Middle Ages, and when we can also ascertain that it is very likely that the cellar belonged to Margrete I, that in my brings the discovery into a class of its own,” Langkilde said.

“The fact that the Agency for Culture and Palaces shares that view and has placed the cellar as one of year's top 10 archaeological finds is something I am extremely pleased about,” added Langkilde, who works for the Romu museum group.

The cellar appeared earlier this year amongst remains of masonry, pottery and building materials in Roskilde street Lille Grønnegade.


Photo: ROMU/Slots- og Kulturstyrelsen

It appears to have belonged to Margrete I, who lived from 1353 to 1412 and ruled Denmark, Norway and Sweden.

It is thought to have been part of a house that the Queen ordered built so she could be close to the city’s monastery, Vor Frue Kloster, when she was in Roskilde.

The criteria for being selected on the cultural agency’s list is adding “significant new knowledge of archaeology and Danish history”.

READ ALSO: Stone Age Dane had dark skin and dark hair: DNA study

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