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‘Exploited’ migrants behind Danish tomatoes

Danish supermarkets are filled with produce that is picked in Italy by “grossly exploited” illegal migrants working under harsh conditions, a new investigative report revealed.

'Exploited' migrants behind Danish tomatoes
Tomatoes picked in Italy under harsh conditions end up on Danish shelves. Photo: Raúl Santos de la Cámara/Flickr
According to a newly-released report from watchdog organisation DanWatch, two out of every three imported cans of tomatoes sold in Denmark come from Italy, where illegal migrants work long hours with no contract and very low pay.
 
Some 400,000 migrant workers – primarily young men who come to southern Europe from north and west African countries – pluck tomatoes in Italy without a contract. They receive an average hourly wage of just €3 (22 kroner, $3.70) compared to an average wage of €8.20 for legally-employed workers and many of them are recruited by gang leaders and live in constant fear of their employers. 
 
“They are very scared and won’t talk about it with anyone. They live in sheds and barracks and shantytowns that exist solely of immigrants,” Louise Voller, the co-author of DanWatch's 'The backside of the tomato can: Gross exploitation and illegal manpower in Danish canned tomatoes', told broadcaster DR. 
 
Migrant workers told DanWatch that they can only find work through gang leaders known as ‘Caporali’, who they must pay in exchange for being delivered to Italian farmers.
 
Canned tomatoes from Italy bring in 130 million kroner a year in Denmark, but the sales may violate UN laws. 
 
“The UN has defined guidelines for human rights and for trade so when these kinds of conditions are discovered, the supermarkets have a responsibility […] when they find that the working conditions in Italy negatively impact migrant workers’ rights in relation to rest, free time and salary,” Sune Skadegaard Thorsen, the head of consulting firm Global CSR, told DR.
 
After the release of DanWatch’s report, two major supermarket companies – Coop and Dansk Supermarked, who between them operate nearly all of the major supermarkets in Denmark – said they would bring up the workers’ conditions with their Italian suppliers. 
 
“We will take it up with our suppliers and will stress the importance of all tomatoes coming from responsible producers,” Mads Hvitved Grand, a spokesman for Dansk Supermarked, told DR. 
 
Dansk Supermarked operates the supermarket chains Netto, Bilka and Føtex. Its main competitor Coop, which operates the Kvickly, Super Brugsen, Irma and Fakta chains, also said it would push its Italian partners. 
 
“It’s a long, long haul for us. But that doesn’t mean that we won’t try. Quite the contrary,” company spokeswoman Ulla Riber told DR. 
 
Thorsen said the Danish companies need to get tough with the Italians. 
 
“At the end of the day, the chains need to say: ‘If we cannot sell tomatoes that are produced under acceptable conditions, then we will pull out.’ They have a responsibility to deliver a product that was made under proper conditions,” he said. 

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IMMIGRATION

Denmark: More needed to stop mass drownings

After what a UN official described as a “massacre” upon the Mediterranean, Denmark’s foreign minister has called for Europe to help Italy deal with the migrants attempting to reach the EU by sea.

Denmark: More needed to stop mass drownings
A makeshift boat filled with migrants that was spotted by an Italian Navy ship in February. AFP Photo/Italian Navy/Scanpix
Denmark’s foreign minister called for more foreign aid, increased European help to Italy and a stronger effort to combat human smuggling after as many as 700 migrants were feared drowned Sunday after their packed boat capsized off Libya.
 
The weekend’s tragedy was described as the deadliest such disaster to date in the Mediterranean.
 
The UN refugee agency (UNHCR) and Italy's coast guard said only 28 people had survived the wreck. Their testimonies suggested there had been about 700 people on board the 20-metre (70-foot) fishing boat, officials said.
 
"It seems we are looking at the worst massacre ever seen in the Mediterranean," UNHCR spokeswoman Carlotta Sami said.
 
 
Danish Foreign Minister Martin Lidegaard said European nations should take a multi-pronged approach to deal with the flow of migrants seeking to reach Europe, a topic he plans to discuss with his colleagues in the Foreign Affairs Council. 

“The thing is, the more we do to rescue the refugees, the more floats and dinghies the human smugglers will set in the sea. Therefore there needs to be other efforts. First off, we need to do everything we can to prevent this refugee crisis. There should be more development aid – not less,” Lidegaard told Ritzau. 

In addition to increasing foreign aid, Lidegaard said that EU nations need to answer Italy’s “cry for help”. 
 
“The EU needs to assist Italy more than it currently does and that is something we are willing to look at,” he said. 
 
The foreign minister said that Europe should also work with local authorities in northern Africa. 
 
“There is a need to train law enforcement officials on the other side and ensure that they can carry out actions against the human smugglers,” Lidegaard said. 
 
The refugees trying to reach Europe with the help of human smugglers are generally fleeing conflict or persecution in places such as Eritrea, Afghanistan and Syria, or poverty and hunger in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia.
 
Sunday’s tragedy is the latest in a growing catalogue of mass drownings of migrants attempting to reach the European Union on overcrowded, unseaworthy boats run by people smugglers who are able to operate out of Libya with impunity because of the chaos engulfing the north African state.
 
The most serious incident prior to Sunday occurred off Malta in September 2014. An estimated 500 migrants drowned in a shipwreck caused by traffickers deliberately ramming the boat in an attempt to force the people on board onto another, smaller vessel.
 
In October 2013, more than 360 Africans perished when the tiny fishing boat they were crammed onto caught fire within sight of the coast of Lampedusa.
 
That horrific tragedy was described at the time as a wake-up call to the world but 18 months later there is no sign of a let-up in the numbers attempting the perilous crossing in search of a better life in Europe.
 
The latest disaster comes after a week in which two other shipwrecks left an estimated 450 people dead.
 
If the worst fears about Sunday's tragedy are confirmed, it will take the death toll since the start of 2015 to more than 1,600 people.
 
Aid organisations are calling for the restoration of an Italian navy search-and-rescue operation known as Mare Nostrum which was suspended at the end of last year.
 
Italy scaled back the mission after failing to persuade its European partners to help meet its operating costs of nine million euros (67 million kroner, $9.7 million) per month amid divisions over whether the mission was unintentionally encouraging migrants to attempt the crossing.
 
Mare Nostrum has been partially replaced by a much smaller EU-run operation called Triton which has a fraction of the assets and manpower deployed by Italy.
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